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Table 3 Mean responses to questions*

From: Patient expectations for placebo treatments commonly used in osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) clinical trials: a pilot study

  HVLA ULTRA LT
  mean (SD) 95% CI mean (SD) 95% CI mean (SD) 95% CI
S1 1.97 (0.67) (1.72, 2.22) 2.17 (0.70) (1.91, 2.43) 2.33 (0.80) (2.03, 2.63)
S2 1.93 (0.69) (1.68, 2.19) 2.00 (0.59) (1.78, 2.22) 2.20 (0.71) (1.93, 2.47)
S3 1.93 (0.79) (1.64, 2.23) 2.23 (0.68) (1.98, 2.49) 2.30 (0.79) (2.00, 2.60)
S4 1.97 (0.81) (1.66, 2.27) 2.13 (0.73) (1.86, 2.41) 2.13 (0.86) (1.81, 2.45)
  1. *SD = Standard Deviation; HVLA – High-Velocity Low-Amplitude; ULTRA = Sub-therapeutic Ultrasound; LT = Light Touch