Skip to main content

Table 3 Baseline and posttreatment percent predicted values for each technique

From: The immediate effect of individual manipulation techniques on pulmonary function measures in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Technique Minimal-touch Control TLP with Activation TLP Without Activation Rib Raising Myofascial Release
FVC 82 ± 22 83 ± 23 84 ± 24 81 ± 22 82 ± 24
  82 ± 21 82 ± 21 83 ± 23 82 ± 22 81 ± 23
  P = 0.58 P = 0.37 P = 0.03 P = 0.65 P = 0.26
FEV1 58 ± 25 58 ± 24 59 ± 25 56 ± 23 57 ± 25
  58 ± 24 58 ± 24 58 ± 24 57 ± 25 56 ± 24
  P = 0.83 P = 0.37 P = 0.04 P = 0.39 P = 0.04
FEF25-75% 29 ± 18 28 ± 17 29 ± 18 26 ± 16 27 ± 17
  28 ± 18 29 ± 18 27 ± 17 27 ± 19 24 ± 16
  P = 0.31 P = 0.30 P = 0.006 P = 0.57 P = 0.009
FEFmax 70 ± 29 73 ± 28 72 ± 30 73 ± 30 71 ± 30
  68 ± 28 68 ± 27 68 ± 29 68 ± 29 67 ± 31
  P = 0.29 P = 0.002 P = 0.04 P = 0.006 P = 0.009
MVV 52 ± 23 53 ± 21 55 ± 24 52 ± 23 53 ± 24
  52 ± 24 51 ± 21 52 ± 24 49 ± 21 51 ± 23
  P = 0.75 P = 0.006 P = 0.02 P = 0.0006 P = 0.02
SVC 79 ± 20 81 ± 20 81 ± 23 77 ± 19 81 ± 22
  78 ± 22 78 ± 20 79 ± 22 78 ± 21 78 ± 21
  P = 0.41 P = 0.04 P = 0.07 P = 0.65 P = 0.01
IC 79 ± 23 76 ± 21 77 ± 24 74 ± 19 77 ± 23
  75 ± 21 78 ± 21 75 ± 21 76 ± 21 76 ± 21
  P = 0.01 P = 0.34 P = 0.34 P = 0.76 P = 0.22
ERV 80 ± 35 94 ± 37 97 ± 48 87 ± 40 93 ± 45
  88 ± 47 78 ± 34 92 ± 55 82 ± 40 87 ± 39
  P = 0.22 P < 0.0001 P = 0.22 P = 0.42 P = 0.22
TGV 130 ± 30 131 ± 31 134 ± 34 136 ± 34 134 ± 33
  127 ± 29 131 ± 31 132 ± 34 131 ± 34 134 ± 33
  P = 0.47 P = 0.62 P = 0.18 P = 0.21 P = 0.99
RV 150 ± 41 147 ± 38 151 ± 45 156 ± 54 152 ± 46
  143 ± 42 152 ± 44 149 ± 48 151 ± 48 155 ± 48
  P = 0.17 P = 0.04 P = 0.51 P = 0.59 P = 0.35
TLC 107 ± 16 106 ± 15 108 ± 17 108 ± 17 108 ± 16
  104 ± 15 107 ± 15 106 ± 18 106 ± 16 108 ± 17
  P = 0.048 P = 0.44 P = 0.16 P = 0.45 P = 0.36
Raw 246 ± 175 234 ± 170 205 ± 124 249 ± 192 275 ± 199
  243 ± 151 237 ± 157 248 ± 202 250 ± 167 247 ± 153
  P = 0.89 P = 0.81 P = 0.046 P = 0.28 P = 0.83
  1. Results are reported as mean ± SD. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to analyze for significant baseline to posttreatment within-technique changes. Measures with significant within-technique changes are highlighted.
  2. FVC, forced vital capacity; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 second; FEF25-75%, average forced expiratory flow rate over the middle 50% of the FVC; FEFmax, maximum forced expiratory flow rate; MVV, maximal voluntary volume; SVC, slow vital capacity; IC, inspiratory capacity; ERV, expiratory reserve volume; TGV, total gas volume; RV, residual volume; TLC, total lung capacity; Raw, airway resistance.