Skip to main content

Table 4 Baseline to posttreatment percent changes

From: The immediate effect of individual manipulation techniques on pulmonary function measures in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Technique Minimal-touch Control TLP with Activation TLP Without Activation Rib Raising Myofascial Release P Value
FVC 0.7 ± 5.0 0.3 ± 11.9 -1.4 ± 8.1 0.7 ± 8.3 -0.7 ± 6.2 0.67
FEV1 0.6 ± 6.6 0.2 ± 7.8 -1.0 ± 7.8 1.2 ± 8.0 -1.4 ± 6.8 0.10
FEV1/FVC -0.2 ± 5.3 0.3 ± 9.8 0.4 ± 4.0 0.7 ± 6.4 -0.4 ± 5.3 0.71
FEF25-75% -2.4 ± 13.8 3.3 ± 23.4 -5.5 ± 21.9 0.7 ± 22.5 -7.3 ± 17.8 0.12
FEFmax -2.4 ± 14.5 -6.3 ± 9.3 -5.6 ± 12.6 -6.1 ± 13.7 -5.5 ± 17.3 0.25
Expiratory time 1.9 ± 11.4 5.0 ± 20.9 -3.6 ± 12.4 5.2 ± 19.0 3.5 ± 15.5 0.48
MVV -0.0 ± 10.5 -4.9 ± 10.7 -4.6 ± 8.6 -5.7 ± 10.1 -5.7 ± 9.6 0.40
SVC -0.3 ± 7.7 -3.2 ± 7.2 -2.0 ± 7.4 0.6 ± 15.5 -3.5 ± 6.3 0.51
IC -3.7 ± 9.9 2.5 ± 9.2 -0.6 ± 10.6 2.7 ± 14.3 -1.2 ± 10.1 0.21
ERV 10.9 ± 38.3 -12.4 ± 31.3 -6.9 ± 19.4 3.7 ± 59.8 -1.1 ± 30.9 0.09
TGV -1.3 ± 8.2 0.6 ± 8.6 -1.6 ± 8.0 -3.2 ± 9.1 -0.2 ± 7.2 0.19
RV -4.1 ± 17.4 3.2 ± 14.2 -1.3 ± 12.4 -1.9 ± 13.9 2.3 ± 11.1 0.10
TLC -2.2 ± 6.1 1.1 ± 7.2 -1.4 ± 5.9 -1.1 ± 5.7 -0.5 ± 5.3 0.36
RV/TLC -2.4 ± 14.5 1.6 ± 10.1 -0.2 ± 7.6 -1.2 ± 10.4 2.8 ± 7.4 0.21
Raw 3.0 ± 27.5 5.9 ± 33.3 22.9 ± 46.1 1.2 ± 28.8 0.7 ± 30.9 0.53
  1. Results are reported as mean ± SD. Friedman tests were used to test for differences between the techniques.
  2. FVC, forced vital capacity; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 second; FEF25-75%, average forced expiratory flow rate over the middle 50% of the FVC; FEFmax, maximum forced expiratory flow rate; MVV, maximal voluntary volume; SVC, slow vital capacity; IC, inspiratory capacity; ERV, expiratory reserve volume; TGV, total gas volume; RV, residual volume; TLC, total lung capacity; Raw, airway resistance.