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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of the MOPSE Subjects

From: Efficacy of osteopathic manipulation as an adjunctive treatment for hospitalized patients with pneumonia: a randomized controlled trial

   OMT Group (n ITT = 130) (n PP = 96) LT Group (n ITT = 124) (n PP = 95) CCO Group (n ITT = 133) (n PP = 127)
Sex - no. (%) Male
ITT Analysis   59 (45) 55 (44) 60 (45)
PP Analysis   43 (45) 39 (41) 59 (46)
Age (yrs) - mean (SD)
ITT Analysis   73.8 (11.8) 74.6 (12.5) 72.8 (12.6)
PP Analysis   74.4 (12.0) 74.9 (12.8) 72.3 (12.6)
Race - no. (%) White
ITT Analysis   122 (94) 110 (89) 119 (89)
PP Analysis   91 (95) 84 (88) 114 (90)
Body Mass Index (kg/m 2 ) - mean (SD)
ITT Analysis   27.6 (8.5) 27.8 (8.9) 27.4 (8.1)
PP Analysis   27.5 (7.8) 26.4 (7.3) 27.3 (8.3)
Smoking History - no. (%) Current/Former
ITT Analysis Current 25 (19) 20 (16) 34 (26)
  Former 41 (32) 48 (39) 39 (29)
PP Analysis Current 18 (19) 17 (18) 32 (25)
  Former 27 (28) 36 (38) 39 (31)
Current Alcohol Use by Chart Review - no. (%)
ITT Analysis   11 (9) 17 (14) 20 (15)
PP Analysis   4 (4) 14 (15) 19 (15)
Comorbidities - no. (%)
ITT Analysis COPD 51 (39) 56 (45) 59 (44)
  Asthma 18 (14) 19 (15) 11 (8)
  CHF 43 (33) 41 (33) 39 (29)
  DM 34 (26) 33 (27) 44 (33)
  HTN 83 (64) 83 (67) 83 (62)
  Dementia 21 (16) 15 (12) 19 (14)
  Parkinson's 2 (2) 1 (1) 2 (2)
  Stroke 19 (15) 21 (17) 18 (14)
PP Analysis COPD 36 (35) 44 (46) 57 (45)
  Asthma 15 (15) 15 (16) 11 (9)
  CHF 33 (32) 31 (33) 37 (28)
  DM 26 (25) 24 (25) 43 (33)
  HTN 68 (67) 62 (65) 80 (62)
  Dementia 16 (16) 11 (12) 18 (14)
  Parkinson's 1 (1) 1 (1) 2 (2)
  Stroke 15 (14) 14 (15) 17 (13)
Origin of Pneumonia - no. (%) Community-acquired (vs. Nursing Home-acquired)
ITT Analysis   105 (81) 98 (79) 103 (77)
PP Analysis   79 (82) 75 (79) 99 (78)
Aspiration Risk by Chart Review - no. (%)
ITT Analysis   8 (6) 13 (11) 4 (3)
PP Analysis   5 (5) 8 (9) 4 (3)
Pneumonia Severity Index - no. (%)
ITT Analysis Class I-II 22 (17) 28 (23) 23 (17)
  Class III 34 (26) 37 (30) 38 (29)
  Class IV 52 (40) 44 (35) 53 (40)
  Class V 22 (17) 15 (12) 19 (14)
PP Analysis Class I-II 18 (19) 23 (24) 23 (18)
  Class III 26 (27) 27 (28) 37 (29)
  Class IV 40 (42) 35 (37) 50 (39)
  Class V 12 (13) 10 (11) 17 (13)
  1. ITT = intention-to-treat, PP = per-protocol, OMT = osteopathic manipulative treatment, LT = light-touch treatment, CCO = conventional care only, COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CHF = congestive heart failure, DM = diabetes mellitus, HTN = hypertension.